Cazenovia Lake is a lake in Madison County, New York. It is located 20 miles southeast of the city of Syracuse. The village of Cazenovia is located southeast of the lake.
The lake resides in a valley created by sub-glacial runoff during the recession of North American continental glaciers at the end of the last glacial period.
Largemouth bass and chain pickerel are the main gamefish in the lake. Largemouth bass in the 15-inch range are plentiful with some 20-inch fish caught each year. The north end of Cazenovia Lake is a very popular ice fishing location for black crappie and bluegill. Bluegill and crappie can be caught during day, but anglers specifically targeting crappie often fish after dark. Yellow perch are also found in the lake but are more elusive then the bluegills or crappies, but when found they are often nice sized and run in the 10 to 12-inch range. Rock bass are often overlooked by anglers but are plentiful and grow large in the lake.
Prior to European settlement of the area, Cazenovia Lake was known to the Oneida as Owagehaga or Owahgenah, and to the Onondaga as Hohwahgeneh, all of which mean "lake of the yellow perch". It was also previously known as "Canaseraga Lake".